KacyC English Excel Canada

Canadian Society!

November 5, 2009

Canadian Culture consists of  its art, music, literature, politics and society influenced by British and French traditions.

Canada has a culturally diverse society consisting of immigrants coming from many different racial and religious backgrounds.

‘Canada is a country whose main exports are hockey players and cold fronts. Our main imports are baseball players and acid rain.’  – Pierre Elliott Trudeau

‘Canadians are an ambivalent lot — one minute they want to be peacekeepers, next minute they punch the hell out of each other on the ice rink.– Ken Wiwa Tuesday, July 1, 2003 – The Globe & Mail

‘Canadians are more polite when they are being rude than Americans are when they are being friendly.’ -Edgar Friedenberg

‘Canada is the only country in the world that knows how to live without an identity.’– Marshall McLuhan

Common Characteristics of Canadians

Canadians are

  • hard-nosed,  skeptical, hard working people
  • tolerant of risk and embrace the future
  • embrace each other, almost 90 times a year
  •  love trees and despise unfaithful lovers
  • reject institutions —both church and state
  • retain a quality of mercy for their fellow individuals faith and civility
  •  as a nation that believe in three values about who they are — peace, order and good government
  • peace loving and gentle people who have never started a war, although they’ve participated valiantly in many of them
  • described in so many ways in their evolution as a unique country with a set of values distinct from other nations in the world.

Customs and Etiquette in Canada


  • drive on the right and pass on the left – like, walking up the escalators, roads and streets.
  • formally, men do not wink or whistle at women. Most large companies have sexual harassment policies that govern acceptable conduct.
  • It is polite to wait for a third party to introduce you to others, but if it doesn’t happen for a few moments feel free to introduce yourself. At formal gatherings, wait to be seated, but if the host is not directing you, and other people are taking seats, follow them. It is quite okay to ask your host if you should sit at a particular spot.
  • “Hey” or “How are you?” are common forms of address that do not require an answer. It is just another way Canadians say “Hi”. It has often been observed by Americans that while Canadians are generally a polite people—even to a fault—they aren’t necessarily friendly.
  • When speaking to a Canadian, keep an arm’s length distance from the person. Maintaining personal space is important to Canadians.
  • Unlike Australians and Americans, Canadians do not give a lot of eye contact to people who are speaking with them. Why? It probably has something to do with our mania for politeness.
  • No back-slapping, shouting or calling attention to oneself is acceptable. Canadians tend to embarrass easily, so while Canadians are generally casual, they are not loud. On that note, Canadians do not generally express themselves with their hands. Moreover, touching, patting or hugging other men in public is considered socially unacceptable.  Your best approach to get along with Canadians is to remain exceedingly polite, modest, and unpretentious.

Meeting and Greeting

  • The most common greeting is a firm handshake, accompanied by direct eye contact and a sincere smile.
  • Wait until invited before using someone’s first name although Canadians tend to move to a first-name basis rapidly.
  • French Canadian friends may greet each other by lightly kissing on the cheeks (once on the left cheek and once on the right).
  • In general, Canadians give gifts for birthdays and Christmas.
  • If invited to someone’s home for dinner, take a box of good chocolates, flowers or a bottle of wine.
  • Do not give white lilies as they are used at funerals or cash or money as a present.
  • Gifts are usually opened when received.
  • Table manners are relatively relaxed and informal,  generally Continental, i.e. the fork is held in the left hand and the knife in the right while eating.
  • Wait to be shown to your seat and do not begin eating until the hostess starts.
  • Do not rest your elbows on the table.
  • Feel free to refuse individual foods or drink without offering an explanation.

Canadians Favorite Foods and Beverages

“The history of Canadian food can be traced back to our native people. They gave us food such as corn, beans, pumpkins, maple syrup, bison, caribou and dried salmon.”– CBC.

“Canadian food has no outstanding characteristic, none whatsoever – Colonel Harland Sanders.

Americans vs. Canadians vs. Brits
Canadians:Encourage immigrants to keep their old ways, and avoid assimilation.
Americans: Encourage immigrants to assimilate quickly, and dump their old ways.
Brits:Encourage immigrants to go to Canada or America.

What is a Canadian?
“Canadian political and cultural leaders have based this new national “identity” largely on an embrace of the lifestyles, customs, and traditions of Canada’s latest immigrant groups. But if Canada is to be defined by its multiculturalism —that is, by the cultures brought here from the outside, especially in the last few decades— then this implies that there is actually no such thing as Canadian identity and culture.” [French Canadians do have a distinct culture and want to maintain it. The rest of Canada does not and it’s culture is in transition.]

Canadian Values

Canadian History & Culture
“Canadians value: Peace, Justice, Tolerance, Loyalty, Humanity / Human Rights, Respect for Authority, Vision, Equality, Strength, Beauty, Spirituality, Non-Violence.

That’s what the True North, Strong and Free, means to me. We are a nation of nations, a community of communities, united in our diversities, with values of our own, and proud of it.”

Language Debate
“In my belief, rights are rights are rights. There is no such thing as inside rights and outside rights. No such thing as right for the tall and rights for the short. No such thing as rights for the front and rights for the back, or rights for East and rights for West. Rights are rights and will always be rights. There are no partial rights.” [Translation from French] –M. Clifford Lincoln, 1988 Québec´s National Assembly

The Great Canadian Identity Crisis
“We are a nation of contradictions floating helplessly in a sea of confusion with no framework for living, with no proper definition of justice and without a single philosophical clue as to how a nation of civilized men interacts and sustains itself.”

What are Canadians Like?
– play ice hockey ; talk a lot about the weather. Also, complain about it — but that’s just our way. In fact, we rather pride ourselves on the splendid variety of our four seasons and our ability to take each of them in stride!”

(http://www.haltonlinks.com/cdn_culture.html; http://www.executiveplanet.com; http://www.kwintessential.co)

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Brock University,Canada
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Professional Recommendations

KacyC. IELTS / English Toronto, CA. Professional Recommendations

IELTS / Academic English / ESL Students & Colleagues have recommended KacyC.



IELTS Student Recommendation – Stds. Profession: Doctor – In 3 Sessions- Prepared for Speaking Skill and achieved the desired band.

“KacyC. is one of the best teachers I have ever known. She is able to find personal approach to students, quickly evaluate their needs and elaborate the most appropriate plan of study. At the same time she is immensely positive and inspiring person. The mentioned above merits lead to impressive results, as her students not only get necessary knowledge, but also became extremely motivated.”

Top qualities: Great Results, Expert, High Integrity

Student: Volodymr Revchuk, Toronto, Canadan.: Hired C.- as a Personal Trainer in 2012

I’m writing to thank you for your lessons. As you probably remember, I’ve been working hard for almost 2 years to improve my English, but my marks on IELTS remained the same (6.5). Unlike others, you performed a miracle. In only three lessons you’ve helped me to increase my marks to desirable 7.0! I suppose it happened not only because you corrected my mistakes (you really did!) but also because you taught me how to think positively, how to believe in myself and first of all because you gave me a lot of positive energy and confidence.Thank you again very much. Good luck and best wishes to you!

Kacy C., a Professor at the English Academic Center at Centennial College is the one whom I would like to recommend. If you’re looking for help with English or College or university work, Kacy is the perfect professor for you. From my previous experience with her, she is always delivering everything that I need to learn like team projects like country power point presentations, preliminary essays and story writing strategies. I found her very professional, creative and outgoing to work with. It’s definitely worth the time with her, every time I learn something new with her after the session like how to improve on Microsoft PowerPoint, learning new words in English and how to be creative with presentation. She’s one of the best professors at Centennial College!
Kevin Kwok, Hospitality and Tourism Administration
Centennial College, Toronto, Canada ,February 7, 2013

“Kacy is a wonderful and passionate instructor. It is a pleasure to work with her.”— Alireza Kia,Coordinator, MicroSkills, worked with Kacy at MicroSkills Development Centre Etobicoke, Toronto, Canada.

“I know Kacy as a diligent and smart person. We were together at Humber College for a while. I wish her all the very best in her future.” — Cyriac George, Head – Cataloging Dept., University, worked directly with Kacy at MicroSkills Development Centre Etobicoke, Toronto, Canada.

“Kacy is a devoted teacher who makes a strong effort with the students. She also uses all the resources at hand and spends extra time preparing material for her classes.— Eric Garsonnin, LINC Teacher, MicroSkills Community Resource Centre, worked directly with Kacy at MicroSkills Development Centre Etobicoke, Toronto, Canada.

“I met Kacy at Benn’s Educational Services and studied with her. I have known her to be a diligent worker and is very conscientious about her work. Her interest in her discipline is unquestionable.”— Barry Lee, studied with Kacy at Benns Educational Services, Toronto, Canada.

“Kacy Chohan is a competent professional and has interacted with me in TESOL Arabia activities.She is actively involved in professional development.”— Mabel S Lahlou, Lecturer, University of Sharjah, was with another company when working with Kacy at Seneca College of Applied Arts and Technology, Toronto, Canada

‘Kacy was a pleasure to work with, always pleasant and dedicated.’

Paula Girardi-Monteiro, Bilingual Employment Consultant, Employment Ontario at College Boreal, Toronto, Canada.

‘We have worked together at Ajman University of Science and Technology as ESL teachers. She joined the University in 2003 as a full time faculty member and very soon exhibited an excellent background in the field of ELT. She is highly motivated teacher and used to conduct interesting and interactive classes for her students. She received above average evaluation from her students and had a very good rapport with them. In addition to her organized attitude and excellent teaching skills she had contributed to the department outside the classroom through various committees like the Independent Learning Center, CALL Lab, etc. Judging from both inside and outside classroom Kacy is very efficient and skillful instructor capable of adjusting and fulfilling the duties of her job description.’

Tanveer Fatima, ESL Instructor at University of Sharjah,UAE. April 18, 2010

Ms. Kacy has a love for English language and has excellent communication and navigation skills. She encourages thinking about English in real world example such as practicing writing resumes and cover letters. She uses new and innovative tools and technique to teach IELTS to students and make them capable to get a high score.
Waqas Chohan, Component Management Officer at Emirates Airlines, Dubai, UAE.

Impact of Technology on Teaching KacyC. blog on Teaching and Technology

In my opinion, technology recently has greatly affected and is completely going to change teaching in the future. Teachings have been greatly accommodated by different educational/instructional technologies and its use will increase continuously.

Impact of Technology on Teaching

Educators are effectively using technology by

  • incorporating it into their experiences, into a lesson
  • creating new teaching techniques
  • trying to enhance the learning process
  • enhancing student motivation, interest, engagement and satisfaction
  • giving students a much more compelling experience
  • trying to incorporate students’ experience
  • giving students a sound learning experience, enhanced by online tools
  • giving them tools to know how , skills and encouragement – basic instructions and convincing them to use their imagination
  • providing creative possibilities
  • focusing on the creativity and technological advances that students have made in their everyday lives, and allowing them to use that in their education
  • to give students the tools and know how that will allow them to take course material and begin to create things they are proud of
  • having our students learn without them seeing that process as a chore, but rather, integrate the technology part with their own technological advances
  • to strive to enable students, through the learning process, to teach themselves

Thus, technology in future would be one of the media tools which would cause a shift from traditional classrooms to a technology integrated ones. It would implement a variety of pedagogical philosophies, approaches and strategies to support teaching goals.

Presently, Online Teaching and Learning, anywhere, anytime, is empowering in the field of education. It’s a student oriented approach, learner-centered, where students are free, independent, made responsible for their learning by using new, various, exciting emergent technologies – in the form of web pages, software, IT devices, etc.   To name a few, like,

  • Internet-: www, cyberspace
  • YouTube / Teachers Tube
  • Blogs / Wikis / Piczo
  • Audacity / Moodle/ Hot potatoes
  • Blackboard / WebQuests
  • Tweet / Face book / LinkedIn / Scribd
  • Skype / Messengers – yahoo, msn, google
  • Digg / Technorati / RSS feeds
  • Nexus Lexus / SoHo / del.icio.us /  Buzz Up / Clip
  • Fark / hulu / magnolia/ reddit / stumbleupon.com
  • killer startups.com/ netvibes.com / Jott
  • myspace.com, billboard.com, limewire 4.10, Wikipedia,  mp3.com, podcasting
  • Virtual Worlds – Second Life

Technology in future will provide more opportunities for teachers, a means to teach their required courses in a very relevant and cultural experience. It has in fact, become second nature to students. Students in future will be ‘Online generation’, having their own learning environment, their own world, a part of their everyday nature. Students will be teaching themselves. Even now, students are more ‘tech. savvy’, ahead of their teachers in the technology realm and for this reason, teachers will have to integrate all substantive issues in a more technological environment. The gap between a teacher’s technological skills and those of students will have to be filled.

Example of E-teaching

Þ    http://ca.youtube.com/watch?v=GX94ws03o3o

Andy Mercer, a musician who teaches music over the Internet, to high-school students in rural communities, has used technology effectively by incorporating technology already used daily by his students. One example is his use of PICZO, where students can build their own websites. He uses Piczo as a site where his students get all their course information and share their thoughts. Andy also goes to the latest news sites pertaining to his subject and finds ways to incorporate this news into the day’s lesson. He deals primarily with material that students in that age group can relate to.

Þ    Michael Wesch’s Video: “A Portal to Media Literacy”

Michael, a cultural anthropologist, with his “portal” in his classroom has “designed to bring students together in new ways that also allow students to explore new media”. He uses almost every media tool in his ‘platform’: Blogs, Wikis, YouTube, Twitter, Face Book, Digg, Vision, SoHo – different learning tools to teach his students.

The key to learning is significant both in the semantic meaning and the personal meaning. He believes that learning is all about the connection within the material but also between students and faculty and among students themselves.  The challenge for teachers would be to create ‘platforms of participation’ – our own “portals” as they pertain to the subjects we teach, and to allow students to interact with these “platforms” and “leverage this media environment”.

Educators will have to “move from a closed system to an open system; from control to enable; from structure to platform”, and, most importantly, Michael feels “we need to move students from being knowledgeable to knowledge-ABLE. This means that students need to learn to critique, and well as create, new information.